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Fly Fishing I  PAC 178

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Fly Fishing I, OSU PAC 178, Fly Fishing I class    Michael Gorman, Instructor
Michael Gorman, McKenzie River steelhead

Fly Fishing I   PAC 178                Michael Gorman, Instructor                   
his course is intended to acquaint the student with the basic skills of fly fishing ---- rudimentary fly casting, knowledge of nymphing, wet fly, dry fly techniques, essential equipment appropriate to a given fish species, fly selection, knots, and simple fly-tying methods.  There will be a general overview of fly fishing for trout, salmon, steelhead, warmwater species and saltwater gamefish.  In addition to lectures, demonstrations and discussions, there will be slide presentations and video excerpts that will serve as learning aids in this course.

 Upon successful completion of FLY FISHING I the student will be able to:
*Execute and analyze a standard fly cast.
*Identify adult aquatic insect groups important in the trout diet.
*Tie three basic fishing knots: double surgeon, clinch and nail knot.
*Name the basic components of an artificial fly, tie a simple fly, and identify basic fly-tying tools.
*Discern the basic differences among these fly fishing techniques: wet fly, dry fly and nymphing.
*Select appropriate fly rod/reel/line/leader/fly combinations for a given species of freshwater fish in a given fly fishing situation.
*Name five streams or lakes in Oregon of fly fishing importance, their exact location, fish species present, and appropriate time of year to fly fish these with a reasonable chance of success.    

 WEEK 1  Slide presentation: Fly Fishing Around Oregon.
                  Review course outline & grading. Key fly fishing locations. General fly types: wet, dry, nymph.

 WEEK 2  Basic fly fishing equipment: fly rods and lines.  Fly fishing knots handout.
                  More basic fly fishing equipment: reels, backing, leaders, tippets.

 WEEK 3  **Video excerpt from “Essence of Fly Casting”.
                  Outdoor casting session. 

 WEEK 4  Fly tying demonstration.
Class fly tying.

 WEEK 5  The components and construction of a fly rod.
 **Video excerpt from “Fly Fishing for Trout”.

WEEK 6  **Video excerpts: wet fly, dry fly, nymphing techniques.


WEEK 7  Slide presentation:  “Fly fishing Lakes”.
                 The trout’s diet and aquatic entomology.

WEEK 8  Slide presentation:  “Fly Fishing for Steelhead”.  HLS introduction.
                Slide presentation:  “Fly Fishing for Salmon”.  HLS continued.          

  Video excerpts on fly fishing for warmwater gamefish. 
  **Video excerpts: Fly Fishing saltwater gamefish.
Important fly fishing accessories: vest, waders, technical clothing, tools, etc.

GRADING FLY FISHING I, PAC 178                  
Instructor: Michael Gorman
758-1687  Phone message

1.  Grading: the final grade, scored on a 60-70-80-90 % (D-C-B-A) basis, is determined by the sum of the points associated with the following criteria:
*Participation: 40 points.  After the first week of the term, 2 point is subtracted from a starting total of 20 for each absence from participation in class.
*Grading quiz, week 5, Thursday:    points.
*Timed open note/open book demonstration of knowledge during week 6    points.
*Summary of fly fishing outing taken during the current term, due beginning of class,:    points.
*Satisfactory completion of one of the projects listed in #3 below, due beginning of class:      points.
*End-of-term open note/open book demonstration of knowledge, week 10, Thursday:     points.
Maximum point total: 250.

 2. Submit a type-written summary of a fly fishing outing taken during the current term: 75 – 100 words indicating: 1) date and stream or lake fished, and its general geographical location (5 points); 2) exact equipment (rod reel, line leader, tippet) and flies (5 points); 3) description of the fishing (not casting) techniques/presentations of the fly used (5 points); and, 4) significant fishing “lessons” learned (5 points).  5) Use spelling and grammar checks on your summary (5 points).  6) Papers should include PAC course number and class meeting time, and papers should not exceed more than half a page of 12-point typed text (5 points).  Due at the beginning of class .  Only typed summaries submitted at the beginning of class will be accepted.  Late submissions will receive no credit.

 3Select, complete, and submit one of the following on or before:

    A.  Typed summary of a fly fishing book (non-cartoon) of at least 100 pages, read during the current term.  Include: 1) author, publisher and publishing date, 2) a concise summary between 150 and 300 words, not to exceed one page of 12-point text (5 points).  3) Refer to two or more specific items of particular interest to you.  4) Use spelling and grammar checks on your summary (5 points).  5) Papers should include PAC number (PAC 178) and class meeting time as part of the heading.  6) At the very bottom of the of your report type: “I have read this book in its entirety during the current term”.  Place your hand-written signature below it.
    B.  Typed summary and review (150 – 300 words each) of two different fly fishing videos.  In addition to the video title, include the name of the host/narrator and video-production company.  Then, follow exactly the guidelines stipulated in Project A, above, as you write your summaries.  Students must locate the videos outside class and OSU.  NONE ARE AVAILABLE FOR STUDENT USE FROM OSU OR PAC DEPARTMENT.  Try City of Corvallis Library.

    C.   A custom fishing rod built by the student during the current term.

    D.   A display of 12 different fly patterns tied by the student during the current term.  These will be mounted, labeled (in type, not hand-written), and neatly displayed.  Display method is the choice of the student.

    E.  Collect 12 different aquatic organisms from ponds, streams or lakes, each in its own glass vial (with 50/50 mixture of tap water and rubbing (isopropyl) alcohol) available from OSU Bookstore.  Your instructor will help with general identification. Create a typed sheet referencing each numbered vial with 1) organism I.D., 2)water where it was captured, and 3) general habitat.

     F.  Was the specific topic discussed complete?     Explain.  What specifically was left incomplete, or no thoroughly explained?  Examples, if any.  Attempts at humor --- did these work, or not?  Example.  Suggestions in the humor department?  Write some "general remarks" about what you read.

Late submissions, for any reason, will not be accepted for credit.  All summaries and projects are due no later than the beginning of class.
Note: Students absent from class, for any reason, are responsible for securing notes from another student in class.

A few recommended books and authors:                                                           A few recommended video titles:

The Orvis Fly Fishing Guide by T. Rosenbauer                                                    Fly Fishing for Trout, 3M

Fishing in Oregon by Casali and Dinesse                                                               Strategies for Selective Trout, 3M

Western Hatches by Hafele and Hughes                                                                 Advanced Strategies for Trout, 3M

Fly Casting Illustrated by F. Amato                                                                      Fly Fishing for Bass, 3M

Lake Fishing with a Fly by Kaufmann and Cordes                                                Essence of Fly Casting, Kreiger

Steelhead Fly Fishing and Flies by T. Combs                                                        Fly Fishing for Pacific Steelhead, 3M

Statement of Risk: Risk is associated with many of life’s activities, including PAC classes.  It is highly recommended that you provide yourself with a student health/accident insurance policy.  These are available through the University, private carriers, or through a family policy.  If uninsured, minor accidents or health problems can lead to great expense.  If you have a condition that might affect or be affected by participation in this PAC class, you are encouraged to so inform your instructor either verbally or in writing.   Should you become ill or injured during class time, please inform the instructor or have a fellow student do so.  If you must leave class because of illness or injury it is recommended that another student accompany you. 
Sharp hooks and tools used during this class have an obvious inherent danger.  Use common sense and precautions at all times.  When on a fishing outing, common sense and precautions are urged when using sharp hooks (wearing polarized eye glasses is recommended at all times to protect your eyes and assist in safe wading) and wading in swift currents or walking on slippery rocks.  If you perceive dangerous conditions that cannot be counteracted with common sense and reasonable precautions, desist and/or speak with your instructor.

Focus Questions and Important Info to know --- Have in your notes!

    *Name 10 Oregon streams or lakes (and general locations) that have available year-round fly fishing opportunities, and their general geographical location.
    *Know something significant about the fishing and the general location of the McKenzie, Alsea, Siletz, Metolius, Crooked, North Santiam, South Santiam, Fall, lower Deschutes, the upper Willamette, and Middle Fork of the Willamette Rivers.
    *Identify/name the Top Six flies recommended in class.  Be able to identify an artificial dry fly from a wet fly from a nymph.
    *Know: recommended fly rod lengths/weights for a given species of fish: trout, salmon, steelhead, small warmwater fish, bass, smaller saltwater fish, large to largest saltwater gamefish.
    *Leader lengths --- ranges?  Best overall?  Monofilament vs. co-polymer vs. fluorocarbon. 
    *Appropriate fly reel size for a given rod “weight”
    *Different fly reel drag.
    *Besides, recommended rod lengths and "weights", what qualities would you look for in a good fly rod?
    *What factors weigh into the retail price of a fly rod?   Are all rod-building graphite fibers the same? Appropriate number of guides on a quality fly rod?
    *Can you interpret "WF-6-F" as it relates to the attributes of a fly line?  DT-4-F? 
WF-5-S?  WF-5-F/S.  Best choice in fly lines for streams?   Lakes?
    *Name three desirable attributes of braided Dacron as fly line backing.
    *Leaders: appropriate length and diameter.  How is diameter of tippet commonly measured?
    *Difference between leader and tippet.  Correlate "X" number with inches.  Appropriate "X" number for hook size.
    *Know the five guidelines for basic fly casting as discussed in class: Eat The Apple With Care.
    *What is a roll cast?  How is it different from a standard fly cast?  When would you typically use a roll cast?
    *Know the basic presentation method/strategy for dry flies, wet flies, and nymphs.
    *Best fly line for presenting stream nymphs; stream wet flies; stream dry flies?
    * Best fly line for presenting lake nymphs; lake wet flies; lake dry flies?
    *Best single fly line for fishing nymphs deep along a stream bottom?  Single best line recommended for fishing nymphs in lakes?  What is special about the Mastery Stillwater fly line?  How quickly does it sink? Interpret WF-4-S code.  What do Type I, II, II, IV . . . refer to a they pertain to a fly line?
    *Can you tie a clinch knot, surgeon knot, and an Albright knot?  In assembling your backing/fly line/leader/fly system, where is each of the aforementioned knots used?
    *Black Bomber Leech: name materials and tools used to construct the fly.  Factoid: originally designed as a trout fly.
    *What is a "hackle"?  Bird (and gender) producing the most commonly used hackles?  From what bird do we get marabou feathers?  What is a half-hitch knot?
    *What is a "selectively-feeding" trout?  To a selectively-feeding fish, what is MOST important about your artificial fly: color, size or shape?
    *How is a fish stomach pump used?  Minimum length of fish to prevent harm?
    *Name the BIG FOUR aquatic insect groups.  How would you identify the adults of each group?
    *What two readily-available liquids were recommended to be mixed for preserving aquatic organisms?
    *What immature aquatic insect may build a case/"home" from tiny stones, sand, fir needles, leaf debris or small twigs?
    *Which is the largest preserved aquatic insect we looked at in class?  What kind of lakes does it live in?
    *What are some peculiar anatomical features and locomotion of the dragonfly nymph?
    *What is the difference between a nymph and a larva in terms of incomplete and complete life cycle?  Insect examples.
    *Name 10 lakes to fly fish in Oregon as mentioned in class or class handout.
    *Why is it imperative to have a floating craft on most stillwaters?  What is the best (as recommended by your instructor) lake fly line?
    *What is a shock absorber leader?  What advantage does it give the angler?
    *Besides the right fly line and right flies at the right depth, what else is important to entice a lake trout to strike a fly?
    *Monofilament vs. co-polymer vs. fluorocarbon leader.  Pros and cons of each.
    *How do you use a fish stomach pump?  Why would you use it?
    *Fishing glasses --- lens colors?  What is polarization and why is it important?
    *What is a steelhead?  Describe its life cycle briefly?  How is it's life cycle different from a pacific salmon?
    *Name the five species of pacific salmon.  Name something unique about each.  Which three are found in Oregon as sea-going fish?
    *Where will you find chum salmon in Oregon?  When is best time to fish for them?
    *What rod/fly line weight is typically used for steelhead fishing?  What rod/fly line weight is typically used for Oregon salmon fishing?
    *What is the Hybrid Line System.  Describe its components.  For what gamefish is the Hybrid Line System primarily used?
    *Name 3 different "warmwater" gamefish in addition to the smallmouth bass.  Where can you find warmwater gamefish in Oregon?
    *What rod/fly line weight is typically used for bass fishing?  Describe a bass popper fly.
    *Describe the type of water and environment where you would typically fish for bonefish.?  Where in USA?  Other locales worldwide?
    *Which fish is known as the "Ghost of the Flats"?  The "Silver King"?
    *What rod/fly line weight is typically used for bonefish?   What rod/fly line weight is typically used for tarpon fishing?
    *Name three good reasons to wear polarized glasses while fishing.  What color lenses are best in low light, early morning or late evening, or rainy times?
    *Describe the two most common types (materials) of chest wader materials?  Advantages of each.  Disadvantages.  Which is safest for an UNPLANNED swim?
    *For good traction what material is needed on the soles of your wading shoes or boots?


Contact Information


Postal address
Michael Gorman
330 NW Autumn Place, Corvallis OR 97330
Mckenzie River fly fishing guide & Fly fishing Oregon McKenzie River trout
To contact me please cut and paste the following email address to help prevent spam emails,
and please include the word "fishing" in the subject line of your email.  Many thanks.
Please cut and paste this email addressgorman_flyfishing@hotmail.comPlease include the word "fishing" somewhere in the Subject line of your email note

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